Best D Pharmacy 2nd Year Notes PDF Download 2021 [Updated]

Best D Pharmacy 2nd Year Notes PDF Download 2021 [Updated]

Are you looking for the best notes for the 2nd year D.Pharm? Hold on! You are in the right place.

In the second year of d pharmacy, you have to study a total of 6 subjects named: Pharmaceutics II, Pharmaceutical Chemistry II, Pharmacology and Toxicology, Pharmaceutical Jurisprudence, Drug Storage and Business Management, and Hospital and Clinical Pharmacy.

D Pharmacy 1st year notes pdf download

Here in this article, we will provide the best pdf notes of all subjects (updated in 2021) for D.Pharma 2nd year.

Kindly cooperates with the below table of contents for downloading the specific subjects notes which will take you to the download links directly.

Table of contents

Pharmaceutics II Notes PDF Download

The second year of D.Pharm’s Pharmaceutics II subject contains following syllabus issued by the Pharmacy Council of India:

1. Dispensing Pharmacy

    (i) Prescription - Reading and understanding of prescription: Latin terms commonly used     (Detailed study is not necessary) Modern methods of prescribing, Adoption of metric system, Calculation involved in dispensing.

    (ii) Incompatibilities in prescription: Study of various types of incompatibilities-physical, chemical, and therapeutic.

    (iii) Posology: Does and dosage of drugs, factors influencing does, calculation of does on the basis of age, sex, and surface area, veterinary does.

2. Dispensed Medication:

    (Note: A detailed study of the following dispensed medication is necessary. Methods of preparation with theoretical and practical aspects, use of appropriate contains and closures, special labeling requirements and storage conditions should be highlighted)

    (i) Powders – Type of powders, advantage, and disadvantage of powders, granules, cachets, and tablet triturates, preparation of different types of powders encountered in prescription, weighing methods, possible errors in weighing, minimum weighable amounts and weighing of material below the minimum weighable amount, geometric dilution, and proper usage and care of dispensing balance.

    (ii) Liquid Oral Dosage Forms:

        (a)Monophasic-theoretical aspects including commonly used vehicle, essential adjuvant like stabilizers, colorants, and flavors with examples.

        Review of the following monophasic liquid with details of formulation and practical methods.

        Liquids for internal administration Liquids for external administration or used on mucus membranes Mixtures and concentrates syrups Elixirs Gargles Mouth Washes Throat-paints Douches Ear Drops Nasal drops & sprays Liniments Lotions

        (b) Biphasic Liquid Dosage Forms:

        (i) Suspensions (elementary study) - Suspensions containing diffusible solids and liquids and their preparations. Study of the adjuvant used like thickening agents, wetting agents, their necessity and quantity to be incorporated. Suspensions of precipitate forming liquids like tinctures, their preparations, and stability. Suspensions produced by chemical reaction. An introduction to the flocculated, non-flocculated suspension system.

        (ii) Emulsions- Types of emulsions, identification of emulsion system, formulation of emulsions, selection of emulsifying agents, instabilities in the emulsion, preservation of emulsions.

    (III) Semi-Solid Dosage Forms:

        (a) Ointments – Types of ointments. Classification and selection of dermatological vehicles. Preparation and stability of ointments by the following processes:

        (i) Trituration (ii) Fusion (iii) Chemical reaction (iv) Emulsification.

        (b) Pastes – Deference between ointments and pastes. Bases of pastes preparation of pastes and their preservation.

        (c) Jellies – An introduction to the different types of jellies and their preparation.

        (d) An elementary study of poultice.

        (e) Suppositories and pessaries – Their relative merits and demerits. Types of suppositories. Suppository bases, classification, properties. Preparation and packing of suppositories. Use of suppositories for drug absorption.

    (iv) Dental and Cosmetic preparation: Introduction to Dentifrices. Facial cosmetics. Deodorants, Antiperspirants, Shampoos, Hair dressings and Hair removers.

    (v) Sterile Dosage Forms:

        (a) Parenteral dosage forms – Definitions, General requirement for parenteral dosage forms. Types of parenteral formulations, vehicles, adjuvants, processing, personnel, facilities, and Quality control. Preparation of intravenous fluids and admixtures – total parenteral nutrition, Dialysis fluids.

        (b) Sterility testing. Particulate matter monitoring – faulty seal packing.

        (c) Ophthalmic products – Study of essential characteristics of different ophthalmic preparations. Formulation additives, special precautions in handling and storage of ophthalmic products.

Also, You Can Download D.Pharm 2nd Year All Subjects Books PDF - HERE.

Pharmaceutical Chemistry II Notes PDF Download

The second year of D.Pharm’s Pharmaceutical Chemistry II subject contains the following syllabus issued by the Pharmacy Council of India:

1. Introduction to the nomenclature of organic chemical systems with particular reference to a heterocyclic system containing up to 3 rings.

2. The Chemistry of following Pharmaceutical organic compounds, covering their nomenclature, the chemical structure uses and the important Physical and Chemical properties (Chemical structure of only those compounds marked with an asterisk)

The stability and storage conditions and the different type of Pharmaceutical formulations of these drugs and their popular brand names.

Antiseptics and Disinfectants – Proflavine, Benzal conium chloride, Cetrimide, Chloroeresol*, Chloroxylene, Formaldehyde solution, Hexachlorophene.Liquified phenol, Nitrofurantoin.

 Sulfonamides – Sulfadiazine, Sulfaguanidine*, Phthalylsulfathiazole, Sueeinylsulfathiazole, Sulfadimethoxine, Sulfamethoxypyridazine. Sulfamethoxazole. Cotrimoxazole, Sulfacetamide*.

Antileprotic Drugs – Clofazimine. Thiambutosine. Dapsone* Solapsone.

Anti-tubercular Drugs – Isoniazid* PAS Streptomycin Rifampicin, Ethambutol, Thiacetazone, Ethionamide, Cycloserine, Pyrazinamide*,

Antiamoebic and Anthelmintic Drugs – Emetine, Metronidazole*, Halogenated hydroxyquinoline, diloxanide furoate, paromomycin Piperazine, Mebendazole, D.E.C*.

Antibiotics – Benzyl Penicillin* Phenoxy methyl Penicillin*, Benzathine, Penicillin, Ampicillin, Cloxacillin, Carbenicillin, Gentamicin, Neomycin, Erythromycin, Tetracycline, Cephalexin, Cephaloridine, Cephalothin, Griseofulvin, Chloramphenicol.

Antifungal agents – Undeeylenic acid, Tolnaftate, Nystatin, Amphotericin, Hamycin.

Antimalarial Drugs – Chloroquine*, Amodiaquine, Primaquine, Proguanil, Pyrimethamine*, Quinine. Trimethoprim.

Tranquilizers – Chlorpromazine*, Prochlorperazine, Trifluoperazine, Thiothixene, Haloperidol*,

Hypnotics: - Phenobarbitone, Butobarbitone, Cyelobarbitone, Nitrazepam, Glutethimide, Methyprylone, Paraldehyde, Triclofos sodium.

General Anesthetics – Halothane, Cyclopropane*, Diethyl ether*, Methohexital sodium, Thiopental sodium, Trichloroethylene.

Antidepressant Drug – Amitriptyline, Nortryptyline, Imipramine*, Phenelzine, Tranylcypromine.

Analeptics – Theophylline, Caffeine*, Coramine* Dextroamphetamine, Adrenergic Drugs – Adrenaline* Noradrenaline, Isoprenaline*, Phenylephrine Salbutamol, Terbutaline, Ephedrine*, Pseudoephedrine.

Adrenergic Antagonist – Tolazoline, Propranolol*, Practolol.

Cholinergic Drugs – Neostigmine*, Pyridostigmine, Pralidoxime, Pilocarpine, Physostigmine*

Cholinergic Antagonists – Atropine*, Hyscinc, Homatropine, Propantheline*, Benztropine, Tropicamide, Biperiden*.

Diuretic Drugs – Furosemide*, Chlorothiazide, Hydrochlorothiazide*, Benzthiazide, Urea*, Mannitol, Ethacrynic Acid.

Cardiovascular Drugs – Ethyl nitrite*, Glyceryl trinitrate, Alpha methyl dopa, Gauanethidine, Clofifate Quinidine.

Hypoglycemic Agents – Insulin, Chlorpropamide*. Tolbutamide, Glibenclamide, Phenformin*, Metformin

Coagulants and Anti-Coagulants – Heparin, Thrombin, Menadione*, Bishydroxycoumarin, Warfarin Sodium.

Local Anesthetics – Lignocaine*, Procaine*, Benzocaine

Histamine and Anti-histamine Agents – Histamine, Diphenhydramine*, Promethazine, Cyproheptadine, Mepyramine, Pheniramine, Chlorpheniramine*.

Analgesics and Antipyretics-Morphin, Pethidine*, Codeine, Methadone, Aspirin*, Paracetamol*, Analgin, Dextropropoxyphene, Pentazocine.

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory Agents - Indomethacin*, phenylbutazone*, oxyphenbutazone, Ibuprofen,

Thyroxine and Antithyroids-Thyroxine, Methimazole, Methylthiouracil, Propylthiouracil.

Diagnostic Agents – Iopanoic Acid, Propyliodone, Sulfobromophthalcin.

Sodium Indigotindisulfonate, Indigo Carmine, Evans blue, Congo Red, Fluorescein Sodium.

Anticonvulsants, cardiac glycosides, Antiarrhythmic antihypertensives & vitamins.

Steroidal Drugs – Betamethasone, Cortisone, Hydrocortisone, prednisolone, progesterone, Testosterone, Oestradiol, Nandrolone.

Anti-Ncoplasic Drugs-Actinomycins, Azathioprine, Busulphan, Chlorambucil, Cisplatin cyclophosphamide, Daunorubicin hydrochloride, Fluorouracil, Mercaptopurine, methotrexate, Mitomycin.

Pharmacology and Toxicology Notes PDF Download

The second year of D.Pharm’s Pharmacology and Toxicology subject contains the following syllabus issued by the Pharmacy Council of India:

1. Introduction to Pharmacology, the scope of Pharmacology.

2. Routes of administration of drugs, their advantages and disadvantages.

3. Various process of absorption of drugs and the factors affecting them, Metabolism, distribution, and excretion of drugs.

4. General mechanism of drugs action and the factors which modify drug action.

5. Pharmacological classification of drugs, The discussion drugs should emphasize the following aspect:

(i) Drugs acting on the Central Nervous System

    (a) General anesthesia adjunction of anesthesia, intravenous anesthetics.

    (b) Analgesic antipyretics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, Narcotic analgesics, Antirheumatic and antigout remedies, Sedatives, and Hypnotics, Psychopharmacological agents, anti-convulsant, analeptics.

    (c) Centrally acting muscle relaxants and ant parkinsonism agents

(ii) Local anesthetics

(iii) Drugs acting on the autonomic nervous system.

    (a) Cholinergic drug, Anticholinergic drugs, anticholinesterase drugs.

    (b) Adrenergic drugs and adrenergic receptor blockers

    (c) Neuron blockers and ganglion blockers

    (d) Neuromuscular blockers, drugs used in myasthenia gravis

    (iv) Drugs acting on eye, mydriatics, drugs used in glaucoma

    (v) Drugs acting on respiratory system-Respiratory stimulants, Bronchodilators, Nasal decongestants, Expectorants, and Antitussive agents.

    (vi) Antacids, Physiological role of histamine and serotonin, Histamine, and Antihistamines, prostaglandins.

    (vii) Cardio Vascular drugs, Cardiotonic, Antiarrhythmic agents, Antianginal agents, Antihypertensive agents, Peripheral Vasodilators and drugs used in atherosclerosis.

    (viii) Drugs acting on the blood and blood-forming organs, haematinics, Coagulants and anti-coagulants, Haemostatics, Blood substitutes and plasma expanders.

    (ix) Drugs affecting renal function, Diuretics and antidiuretics.

     (x) Hormones and hormone antagonists-hypoglycaemic agents, Antithyroid drugs, Sex hormones and oral contraceptives, corticosteroids.

    (xi) Drugs acting on digestive system-Carminatives, digestants Bitters, Antacids and drugs used in Peptic ulcer, purgatives, and laxatives, Antidiarrheals, Emetics, Antiemetics, Anti-psalmodies.

6. Chemotherapy of microbial disease: Urinary antiseptics, Sulphonamides, Penicillin’s, Streptomycin, Tetracycline’s and other antibiotics, Antitubercular agents, Antifungal agents, antiviral drugs, antileprotic drugs.

7. Chemotherapy of protozoal diseases, Anthelmintic drugs

8. Chemotherapy of cancer

9. Disinfectants and antiseptics A detailed study of the action of drugs on each organ is not necessary.

Pharmaceutical Jurisprudence Notes PDF Download

The second year of D.Pharm’s Pharmaceutical Jurisprudence subject contains the following syllabus issued by the Pharmacy Council of India:

1. Origin and nature of Pharmaceutical legislation in India, its scope and objective. Evolution of the “Concept of Pharmacy” as an integral part of the health Care System.

2. Principles and significance of Professional Ethics. A critical study of the code of Pharmaceutical Ethics drafted by Pharmacy Council in India.

3. Pharmacy Act, 1948 – The general study of the Pharmacy Act with special reference to Education Regulations, working of State and Central Councils, the constitution of these councils and functions. Registration procedures under the Act.

4. The Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940 – General study of the Drugs and Cosmetics Act and the Rules there under. Definitions and salient features related to retail and wholesale distribution of drugs. The powers of Inspectors, the sampling procedures, and the procedure and formalities in obtaining licenses under the rule. Facilities to be provided for running a Pharmacy effectively. General study of the Schedules with special reference of schedules C, C1, F, G, J, H, P, and X and salient features of ladling and storage condition of drugs.

5. The Drugs and Magic Remedies (Objectionable Advertisement) Act, 1954 - General study of the Act Objectives, special reference to be laid on Advertisements. Magic remedies and objectionable and permitted advertisements disease which cannot be claimed to be cured.

6. Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic substances Act, 1985-A brief study of the act with special reference to its objectives, offenses and punishment.

7. Brief introduction to the study of the following acts.

    i. Latest Drugs (Price Control) Order in force.

    ii. Poisons Act 1919 (as amended to date)

    iii. Medicinal and Toilet Preparati0ons (Excise Duties) Act, 1955 (as amended to date)

    iv. Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act. 1971 (as amended to date)

Drug Storage and Business Management Notes PDF Download

The second year of D.Pharm’s Drug Storage and Business Management subject contains following syllabus issued by the Pharmacy Council of India:

Part-I Commerce

 1. Introduction – Trade, Industry and Commerce Functions and subdivision of Commerce, introduction to Elements of Economics and Management.

2. Forms of Business Organizations.

3. Channels of Distribution.

4. Drug House Management – Selection of Site Space Lay-out and legal requirements. Importance and objectives of Purchasing, selection of suppliers, credit information, tenders’ contracts, and price determination and legal requirements thereto. Codification, handling of drug stores and other hospital supplies

5. Inventory Control - objects and importance, modern techniques like ABC, VED analysis, the lead time, inventory carrying cost, safety stock, minimum and maximum stock levels, economic order quantity scrap and surplus disposal.

6. Sales promotion, Market Research, Salesmanship, qualities of a salesman, Advertising, and Window Display.

7. Recruitment, training, evaluation, and compensation of the pharmacist.

8. Banking and Finance Service and functions of the bank. Finance Planning and sources of finance

Part-II Accountancy  

I. Introduction to the accounting concepts and convention. Double-entry bookkeeping different kinds of accounts.

ii. Cash Book.

iii. General Léger a trial balance.

iv. Profit and loss account and balance sheet.

v. Simple technique of analyzing financial statements. Introduction to Budgeting

Hospital and Clinical Pharmacy Notes PDF Download

The second year of D.Pharm’s Hospital and Clinical Pharmacy subject contains following syllabus issued by the Pharmacy Council of India:

Part I: Hospital Pharmacy

1. Hospitals Definition, Function, Classification based on various criteria, Organization Management, and Health delivery system in India.

2. Hospital Pharmacy

    (a) Definition

    (b) Functions and objectives of Hospital Pharmaceutical services.

    (c) Location, Layout, Flow chart of material, and men.

    (d) Personnel and facilities requirements including equipment based on individual and basic needs.

    (e) Requirements and abilities required for Hospital pharmacists.

3. Drug Distribution system in Hospitals:

    (a) Out-patient services

    (b) In-patient services – (a) types of services (b) detailed discussion of Unit Dose system, Floor ward stock system, Satellite pharmacy services, Central sterile services, Bed Side Pharmacy.

4. Manufacturing:

    (a) Economical consideration, estimation of demand.

    (b) Sterile manufacture-large and small-volume parenteral facilities, requirements, layout production planning, man-power requirements.

    (c) Non-sterile manufacture-Liquid orals, externals-bulk concentrates.

    (d) Procurement of stores and testing of raw materials.

5. Nomenclature and uses of surgical instruments and Hospital Equipment and health accessories.

6. P.T.C. (Pharmacy Therapeutic Committee), hospital Formulary System and its organization, functioning, composition.

7. Drug Information service and Drug Information Bulletin.

8. Surgical dressing like cotton, gauze, bandages and adhesive tapes including their pharmacopocialcsts for quality, another hospital supply e.g., I. V. sets B. G. sets, Ryals tubes, Catheters, Syringes, etc.

9. Application of computer in the maintenance of records, inventory control, medication monitoring, drug information and data storage and retrieval in hospital and retail pharmacy establishments.

Part – II: Clinical Pharmacy

1. Introduction to Clinical Pharmacy Practice – Definition, scope.

2. Modern dispensing aspects – Pharmacists and patient counseling and advice for the use of common drugs, medication history.

3. Common daily terminology used in the Practice of Medicine.

4. Disease, manifestation, and pathophysiology including salient symptoms to understand the disease like Tuberculosis, Hepatitis, Rheumatoid, Arthritis, Cardiovascular diseases, Epilepsy, Diabetes, Peptic Ulcer, Hypertension.

5. Physiological parameters with their significance.

6. Drug Interactions:

    (a) Definition and introduction

    (b) Mechanism of Drug Interaction

    (c) Drug-drug interaction with reference to analgesics, diuretics, cardiovascular drugs, Gastro-intestinal agents, Vitamins, and Hypoglycaemic agents.

    (d) Drug-food interaction.

7. Adverse Drug Reactions:

    (a) Definition and Significance

    (b) Drug-induced diseases and Teratogenicity

8. Drugs in Clinical Toxicity- Introduction, general treatment of poisoning, systematic antidotes, Treatment of insecticide poisoning, heavy metal poison, Narcotic drugs, Barbiturate, Organophosphorus poisons.

9. Drug dependences, drug abuse, addictive drugs and their treatment, complications.

10. Bio-availability of drugs, including factors affecting it.

Download D.Pharm 2nd Year All Subjects Syllabus PDF - HERE.

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